December 15 - December 18, 2022 / Web Conference
International Symposium on the Analytic Hierarchy Process
Professor Amos N. Guiora is a Professor of Law at the S.J. Quinney College of Law, the University of Utah. In addition, Professor Guiora is a Distinguished Fellow at The Consortium for the Research and Study of Holocaust and the Law (CRSHL) at Chicago-Kent College of Law and Distinguished Fellow and Counselor, International Center for Conflict Resolution, Katz School of Business, University of Pittsburgh.
Professor Guiora is the Inaugural Chair of the University of Utah Independent Review Committee (Presidential Appointment).
His most recent book, Armies of Enablers: Survivor Stories of Complicity and Betrayal in Sexual Assaults, reflects Professor Guiora's research on institutional complicity, enabling culture, and sexual assaults.
Professor Guiora has published extensively both in the U.S. and Europe on issues related to national security, limits of interrogation, religion and terrorism, the limits of power, multiculturalism, and human rights.
He served for 19 years in the Israel Defense Forces as Lieutenant Colonel (retired), and held a number of senior command positions, including Legal Advisor to the Gaza Strip and Commander of the IDF School of Military Law.
We will discuss the role of AHP in the Israel-Palestinian conflict which resulted in two work products: the Pittsburgh Principals and the book published by Springer: Overcoming the Retributive Nature of the Israeli-Palestinian ConflictThe talk will address the following issues:
See more information in the video: https://omny.fm/shows/ksl-at-night/netanyahu-gives-ultranationalist-authority-over-po
Prioritizing Organ Transplant Allocation using AHP
James has been a leader in organ transplant policy for more than a decade, responsible for the policy department and strategy for the nation's transplant system. At UNOS, he have been responsible for every aspect of how the country determines how to allocate resources in accordance with federal laws and regulations.
He is an expert in the management and operations of a policy department within a federally contracted healthcare system.He is responsible for engaging with policy oversight bodies, boards of directors, the US Department of Health and Human Services, and Health Services and Resources Administration. And he supports the public and the transplant community in participating in the policy development process.
Organ transplantation is a complex field with multiple goals governed by federal laws, clinical science, and normative ethics. In the United States, the organ transplant system is administered by the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN). Federal law charges the OPTN with developing and implementing the allocation rules by which donor organs are matched with candidates needing an organ transplant. The order in which organs are offered and received is literally a life-and-death decision.Over the last few decades, several authors have published different approaches to develop these allocation policies using different multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) methodologies, including AHP. Recently, the OPTN began a generational change in the development of the transplant allocation policies to be more equitable, nimble, and transparent with the community. After discussion, the OPTN chose to use an AHP exercise to collect information from the transplant community about balancing these competing goals. The OPTN has conducted three AHP exercises (regarding lung, kidney, and pancreas transplantation) and is planning for two more AHP exercises (regarding liver and heart transplantation). Hundreds of transplant community members participated in the previous AHP exercise giving the OPTN new insights into the transplant community's priorities. With each AHP exercise, the OPTN has learned more about utilizing this information and made adjustments to the exercise, its analysis, and its role in developing transplantation policies. Initial modeling showed that the new policies will lower waiting mortality by over one-third while also having a more organ placement efficient system.
Our plenary will showcase the complexities of organ transplantation and the real-world experience of conducting AHP exercises with a large, diverse participation pool governed by multiple goals.
Decisions in Disaster Risk: A Novel Model for Disaster Risk Assessment Using the AHP
Madhury (Didi) Ray, MD, MPH is an innovator in public health emergency management and works at the intersection of medicine, data, health equity, and public health. Outside of emergency responses, she is the Director of Data and Analytics for Childcare in the Division of Environmental Health in the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Previous to working in NYC’s Health Department, Dr. Ray completed her M.D. at the Drexel University College of Medicine and trained in general surgery at the Massachusetts General Hospital and the University of California in Los Angeles. She additionally completed a Masters in Public Health from the Harvard T.H. Chan School with a specialization in Global Health and a concentration in Humanitarian Studies, Ethics, and Human Rights. Dr. Ray was a Fulbright Scholar in Ukraine during the Orange Revolution and is a Fellow of the International Center for Conflict Resolution (IC4CR). She is one of 2021's 40 Under 40 Rising Leaders in Public Health.
We are living in age of disaster, marked by an increasing number and severity of devastating events worldwide. Allocating preparedness resources for these high probability, low frequency events is more critical than ever before, but what threats are the most important to prepare for? What are the most critical functions for government to protect? And how can governments make these decisions?A disaster risk assessment answers these questions, providing the foundation for an ongoing cycle of disaster preparedness. These disaster risk assessments can take many forms; they can be as simple as a ten minute conversation by leadership prioritizing which hazards to attach resources to, or complex, involving murky calculations using large datasets. In 2018, the New York City Department of Health invented a new model for disaster risk assessment using the AHP. This talk will describe the methods and rationale of this model, as well as several unique features that may transform the way that risk assessments shape emergency preparedness work.
Strategic planning and decision making challenges in Education
Nina Begičević Ređep is a dean of the Faculty of Organization and Informatics in Varaždin, University of Zagreb, Croatia and associate professor in information science. She received her master degree at the Faculty of Organization and Informatics. She defended her doctoral thesis in December 2008 at Faculty of organization and informatics, University of Zagreb. The subject of her doctoral thesis was Multicriteria decision making models for strategic planning of e-learning implementation.
Main areas of her research and professional work are business decision making, multicriteria decision making methods, decision theories and e-learning. She is a JFDP fellow; she was working at Katz Graduate School of Business, University of Pittsburgh (USA) in the framework of the JFDP program of the U.S. Department of State. She is a member of the editorial board of IJAHP journal (International Journal of the Analytic Hierarchy Process - www.ijahp.org/). She is a member of the programme board of CECIIS conference (Central European Conference on Information and Intelligent Systems). She received a lot of awards for her scientific work and contribution to society.
In order to stay competitive in the existing markets and to enter new markets, the educational institutions must foster the quality of their teaching, its research and the role in the development of economy and society. The results are more complex and demanding missions, visions and strategic goals, so the need for strategic planning and rational decision-making has been considerably expanded.
Educational institutions have become a part of a global shift to a new way of teaching and learning by using digital technologies. Digital technologies are among the main change accelerators that can drastically change educational systems, transforming teaching, learning and assessment practices for teachers and students. These changes demand action and decisions in educational institutions. For being successful in digital transformation, strategic planning of transforming teaching and learning plays a crucial role.
Nowadays, educational institutions must be innovative and strategically managed to be able to fulfil their mission, vision and strategic goals in the ever-changing landscape of digital transformation. Management of educational institutions must play a diverse range of roles such as: chief communicator to school communities, provider of technology, launcher of an online learning platform, logistics manager, tracer of the virus and emotional support for anxious faculty, students and staff.
The framework for managers of educational institutions for crisis leadership identifies five processes for responding to a crisis: 1.) gathering information about the crisis, 2.) creating and implementing a well defined plan, 3.) decisive decision making, 4.) showing concern for the wellbeing of others and 5.) demonstrating open and honest communication. There is a strong need for implementing decisive decision making to make quick, clear and well thought-out decisions under constraints. To support decisive decision making, the methodology for strategic planning and decision making focusing on the AHP/ANP was developed. In the scope of the lecture the challenges of strategic decision-making within educational education will be presented as well as methodology for strategic planning and decision making in educational institutions by using the AHP/ANP.
AHP in Practice to promote Collective Decision Making
Oğuz N. Babüroğlu holds the ARAMA Chair of Action Research at Sabancı University, İstanbul, Turkey, and is the Founding Manager of ARAMA Participatory Management Consulting since 1995. He received his PhD in 1987 at the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania in Social Systems Sciences.As a lecturer, he served in seven different universities and research institutes in different countries of the world. He specializes in transforming large-scale systems toward new generation models within the action research perspective and has published in the leading journals within this line of inquiry. His publications have appeared in journals such as Journal of Action Research, Human Relations, Systems Practice and Action Research, and Organization Studies, largely on topics within the Emery–Trist perspective.Since the 1980s, he has conducted many participatory methodologies in national and international level. He has worked with organizations over 1,200 action research projects ranging from large corporations to civil society institutions, government agencies, and municipalities; has helped design three universities from ground up; and has set up about 15 corporate academies in Turkey as well as in Europe, United States, Russia, and the Middle East.
Ilker Topcu is a Professor of Decision Sciences at the Industrial Engineering Department of Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey. He visited Leeds University Business School, UK, from 1998 through 1999 as a visiting researcher and received his PhD degree in Engineering Management from ITU in 2000. He held a visiting professor position at the Katz Business School, University of Pittsburgh, USA, from 2018 through 2019.Dr. Topcu has been ranked in the list of the World's Most Influential Scientists "career-long impact", created by researchers from Stanford University, recently published by Elsevier. His research interests include multiple criteria decision making, decision analysis, and operations research/management science. He has published several journal papers, book chapters, and conference proceedings. He edited three books for Springer entitled "OR Applications in Health Care Management" in 2018, "Multiple Criteria Decision Making – Beyond the Information Age" in 2021, and "New Perspectives in Operations Research and Management Science" in 2022.Dr. Topcu was an executive committee member of the International Society of Multiple Criteria Decision Making from 2015 through 2022. He was the general chair of the 25th International Conference on Multiple Criteria Decision Making (MCDM 2019), which took place in İstanbul, Turkey, from June 16 to June 21, 2019.
Ozay Ozaydin is professor of industrial engineering teaching Decision Making, Entrepreneurship & Innovation, and Product & Process Development courses in the Department of Industrial Engineering at Dogus University. He is also the head of the Incubation Center at the same university.Dr. Ozaydin received his PhD in Industrial Engineering from Istanbul Technical University in 2012. His research areas include Transportation and Logistics, Smart Cities, Multi Criteria Decision Making. He has published journal articles in Interfaces, Transport Policy, European Journal of Operational Research, Knowledge-Based Systems, International Journal of Fuzzy Systems, and Research in Transportation Economics.Dr. Ozaydin is the co-chair of SIG E1 – Transport System Analysis and Economic Evaluation at the World Conference on Transport Research Society. He is also a member of MCDM Society and co-chaired the 25th International Conference on MCDM.
Our main purpose is to expand the body of knowledge and practice in collaborative decision making to position AHP in this ecosystem and to demonstrate the use of AHP in a participatory methodology in a somewhat unique organization.
There are a fair number of participatory methodologies that are used in a variety of decision making situations in Turkey ranging from Search Conferences to Commitment Conferences. The introduction of AHP in what we have started to call Decision Conferences was a good opportunity to bundle different participatory methodologies together to support a transformation process for different types of institutions and organizations.
The first application of AHP in Turkey was on nationwide industrial strategy formation where we had the pleasure of hosting the son of Tom SAATY. Followed by a long term collaboration with Prof.Ilker TOPCU and subsequently with Ozay OZAYDIN.
We have to date well over 100 decision conferences applied to different social systems. For instance, we aimed to create a road map for Galatasaray as a soccer club to reach a state of continuity with success at the European level, to understand the root causes why Istanbul could not produce sufficient number of organ transplantation donors and to redesign the incentives and processes to overcome the shortcomings, to explore unique cases like Topkapi Palace - the Ottoman Empire's major palace.
In this plenary, we are going to present the Topkapi Palace engagement in more detail. The project started when we were called by the Topkapi Palace Museum Administration to support the transformation of the museum to one of the prime destinations to be visited and enjoyed in the global arena. The result pointed to maintenance and preservation as a top criterion that was prioritized by 40 stakeholders, because to date there was no system of time slot reservation in use at the museum. Our plenary will showcase how the decision conference of the application and the technique was implemented.
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